Why “Knowing Thyself” is the Path to Liberation and How to Achieve It

The aim of life is Self-realization. The saying, “Know Thyself,” was written on the temple of the oracle at Delphi in ancient Greece. This is where East and West meet and agree on this goal, though they might hold different ways of attaining it.

The most important part of life is ignored by the educational systems at home, in society, and in colleges and universities: “Know thyself.” You need to understand yourself on all levels. You don’t need much external information; you already have true knowledge within. You need only to learn how to apply the knowledge that you have.

Knowing Thyself is not only our focus in our two-week immersive yoga teacher training at Blue Osa, it’s the outcome. But here, we do our best to break down the path to liberation by learning how to direct your mind, let go of fear and ultimately free yourself, but words can only take you so far. All we can do is lay down the path, it will be your desire and commitment to walking the path through practice.

When it comes to the practice of “Knowing Thyself”, it is important to know that the soul is perfect. The soul needs no improvement. If you meditate, there will be no change in the Spirit. You need to meditate and you need help, not for the soul, but for your mind. As the great Upanishads say:

“The mind is the instrument that can become either a means of liberation or a means of bondage.”

Thus, you should understand the nature of your mind. It’s easy to say that, but it’s not so easy to actually know it. When you want to study the mind, how do you actually do it? You don’t have any external device or instrument to use to study the mind, so you have to train one of the aspects of your mind to study the totality of the mind. You have to train a part of the mind, so that all the functions of the mind can be studied through the use of that one part.

Young man with glasses looking out a window with his reflection staring back at him.

The First Real Step Of Development

The first real step of development in life is to know yourself, not to talk about knowing God. This is a journey within; you are trying to explore who you are so that you can function well in your life, understand your habit patterns, and learn to live happily in the world. To learn that you need to study your own self on three levels: action, speech, and mind.

Studying the sayings of the great sages does inspire and support a student. But studying one’s own thoughts, emotions, deeds, and actions is the real study. We intellectually know many things, yet our ignorance is not dispelled. By self-study, we experience directly that which dispels the darkness of ignorance. Only when one has carefully learned the study of their own internal states will the true knowledge of the Self begin to dawn.

The human endeavor and purpose is not actually to attain God. You already have God; God is omnipresent. What you don’t have, what you have not attained, is yourself. So your endeavor should really be to attain yourself. When you truly know yourself, when you realize yourself, then you will understand that you have also realized God. That which you call God today, you will understand fully when you know yourself on the deepest level. Do not disturb your practice of religion, but also learn to know yourself on all levels.

You do not become or attain God, and even if you could become God, you’d be sorry, because if that happened, you would no longer be understood by anybody. Strive instead for one goal, and that is to understand your Self; know how to Know Thyself.

If you do not know yourself and you are trying to know God, it is not possible to do so. Don’t hanker after God; know about yourself first. You are fully equipped to know yourself; you have all the means and tools to do so. You are not searching for something outside yourself that is difficult to find. You are searching for someone who is already within you, so it is actually easy to find. The day that you see the Source face to face, you have accomplished your work as a human being—that is your human endeavor.

A blue and purple starry sky over a beach.

The External World

The external world is like a wheel. The spokes are like the various faculties of mind. Reality is your center hub, but to know the inner cause of all your movements, you first have to know the nature of these faculties of mind which make you move.

There are three aspects of yourself to understand:

  1. that which moves
  2. that through which it moves
  3. that which is the cause of movement

You have to clearly understand these three aspects to fully understand yourself. The nature of the hub within cannot be imagined with the mind, because your mind is conditioned by time, space, and causation. Your human effort is to know your entire Self, all three aspects—the self that moves, the subtler self that motivates us to move, and the subtler Self that is the cause of movement. This is why you should distinguish between the mere self and the real Self.

You have to know yourself by first understanding your internal states; you cannot know the center hub unless you know the wheel. This wheel of the mind rotates because of its spokes, and these spokes rotate because of the hub. If you want to know the hub of your own nature, it’s a very simple principle to understand. These spokes are the four functions of the mind, and inside, at the deepest level, there is the hub. These functions operate (ie these spokes rotate) because of the hub, the Center of Consciousness. All power comes from the Center. The world only inspires or motivates the mind. Everyone should learn to understand their own mind. Whenever you perform any action, ask your buddhi to tell you whether it is right or wrong.

Light Your Own Lamp

The truth: no one outside you can give you salvation. Don’t trust or depend on anyone to do that . . . we have to enlighten ourselves. You have to light your own lamp; nobody else will give you salvation. The simple method to enlightenment is to first know yourself. Learn to work with yourself; don’t give up on that. Give up on anything else, but don’t give up on that goal.

When you understand the functions of the mind, you can establish inner coordination. But if you are not coordinated, you stumble, and inner stumbling creates a serious conflict for human beings. Inner conflict is the mother of all problems because if there is conflict within, there will always be conflict without. How to be free from conflicts within and without is the only question in life.

Woman sitting in meditation on a beach during sunrise in Costa Rica.

On the inner path, you will always get help from the center of truth, for the quest of truth is always helpful. We are all children of truth and immortality and eternity. But before you can understand and realize this, you must learn to analyze yourself. It is your mind and personality which prevent you from experiencing that finest level of yourself—the Center of Consciousness within.

Slowly you should prepare yourself for the advanced level of teaching. Knowledge will come of itself, but all knowledge really comes from within. It is already within you. The world outside only gives you facts to relate to that particular knowledge that is already within you. Never forget that the source of knowledge is within you. Learn to depend only on inner knowledge.

Commit to Knowing Your Self

This is a system of commitment, not commandment. You are committing to yourself, to your path, and to the goal that you will know yourself. This is your commit¬ment; it is not a commandment from outside you, that you must know yourself. If you don’t want to know yourself or don’t care to know yourself, then no one can force you. But as you grow you will come to a point where you will want to know your deeper Self, and then you become committed to the idea that you will know yourself in this lifetime. You want to know yourself on all levels.

Learn to know yourself; you have sufficient time to accomplish that. Don’t use the excuse that you don’t have enough time. You may say you have not attained anything. Are you sure that you have been doing meditation? Did you sit and sleep or dream or think? Maybe you have been thinking about many things in the name of meditation. Maybe you have sat for years in meditation but did not really meditate, and then have complained that nothing has happened to you. Do not give your mind space to wander when you meditate, but go step by step in the process.

Examine yourself sincerely and ask yourself if you want to meditate, explore, know yourself, and choose your habits. Presently you are a stranger to yourself. How can you live in the world and tolerate such agony? Many traditions say to the student, “Know thyself,” as the first step.

Three Methods to Know Your Self

To know yourself, there are only three schools or methods:

  • prayer
  • meditation
  • contemplation

In the process of meditation, there is expansion in the waking state. You are facing yourself in that waking state, and your thought patterns are coming. You have stored them in the unconscious, and when you relax your conscious mind, the thoughts come forward. Learn to allow your thought patterns to let go, and then develop introspection.

The Waking State

The waking state is actually only a small part of the mind. The waking state can be expanded. It can become a means for us. Any state of mind—waking, dreaming, or sleeping—can be used as a means to attain the goal. The waking state can be expanded, but even if you do not want to expand it, then you should still learn how to make your mind one-pointed through meditation on a focal point. This requires only a small part of the totality of the mind to bring your waking state into balance. However, the yogis say to expand your consciousness during the waking state. When you expand yourself, what will happen? Through expansion of the waking state you can attain turiya, the fourth state, beyond waking, dreaming, and sleeping.

If you want to be a student of the interior world, of the path of light, if you want to do inner research, you will have to understand this point: you must have a purified, free, and one-pointed mind to know and examine the interior Self. For conducting this internal research, one should be truthful, sincere, and free from prejudices. Research should not be shaded by social and cultural norms or religious fanaticism. It requires a totally independent and unbiased mind. In doing research within, we have to completely forget our prejudices from the past, and we have to remain true to ourselves; otherwise our research will be incomplete.

Train The Mind

Also, we must start training the mind to be inward. We must train the mind to go inside our personal world so that we can understand those needs, motivations, desires, those strong powers within us that move us to do something in the external world. We want to know their nature. We want to know why we act and feel the way we do. We ourselves have created our miseries, and if we want to understand this truthfully, we will have to turn the mind inward. The mind must be trained to go inward and examine itself because it is not accustomed to practicing a technique of inwardness.

Woman meditating with her hands in prayer position by her third eye in Blue Osa's yoga shala in Costa Rica.

The Only Thing You Need To Meditate

One can discover a great deal about our inner life by studying body language. So when we start turning within, we do not have to ignore the external world, nor do we have to make any radical change in our external life. We simply have to be ourselves and create a strong desire to know ourselves from within. That desire is the first requirement. If one doesn’t understand the importance of spirituality and meditation, then they should not waste their time and energy with it. If one is not convinced that meditation is a technique that is helpful, if one is not prepared, then one should not apply that technique. So first, to research the inner world, one needs a burning desire to know their inner potential and states.

Become a Scientist of Your Self

Yogis say that you can analyze the whole universe and know everything about it by understanding yourself and your mind. If you want to know about the universe you will have to know the miniature universe that is yourself. You are becoming a scientist, looking at the universe, yourself, your relationship with the universe, and all the mysteries of the universe under a microscope that is your focused mind. And so, you must learn how to focus your mind so you can become a brilliant Scientist.

On this path, you yourself are a laboratory for research. Your internal states contain many instruments for research. You have to learn to use those instruments to understand the Consciousness that already flows from your Center. Nothing external is going to help you in your quest.

Understanding the Capacities of the Mind

Meditation helps you to fully know and understand all the capacities of the mind:

  • memory
  • concentration
  • emotion
  • reasoning
  • intuition

Those who meditate begin to understand how to coordinate, balance, and enhance all these capabilities, using them to their fullest potential. Then they go beyond the usual states of mind and consciousness.

Direct not Control Your Mind

Many people think the mind can be controlled. That is not a useful idea. Like the monkey, the mind can never actually be controlled; it can only be directed. If you want to try to control your mind, you will regret the results. Forget the word “control” and learn to direct your mind and energy on all levels.

There have been many scholarly commentaries on the Yoga Sutras but all the commentaries miss something very practical. Such commentaries can only satisfy the intellect, but do not actually help you beyond that: “yogash chitta vritti nirodah”—yoga is the control of the “modifications” of the mind. Nirodah means control; there is no other English word for it. Control does not mean suppression, but channeling or regulating.

Even if you know exactly what the mind is, you still don’t have control over your mind. Mere knowledge will not give you control over your mind. Control means knowing the way in which to direct your mind. Control does not mean preventing the mind from functioning, but being aware of the mind and having a choice about the way it is directed.

Buddah statue with mala beads draped around its neck and a woman meditating in the background.

Train Your Ego

That which separates you from your real Self—the whole and real—is your ego. You may wonder how you can cut down that ego or may try to tear it down or forget it, but that is not possible. Instead, you have to learn to polish or train your ego. When the ego becomes aware of reality, it is trained, and then the ego is useful. If the ego does not remain aware of reality, then the ego becomes unhelpful; it is then harmful or an obstacle.

As long as there are conflicts in your mind, you have not trained your ego. Such conflict creates misery and then you experience the misery. You can resolve your conflicts yourself. No one else is going to resolve them for you.

The Purpose of Fear

The purpose of fear is to lead you to question and understand why you have that fear in the first place. As you examine your fears, you will learn that all your fears are somehow false and based on misunderstandings. There is no truth or reality to your fears. Many fears remain buried within you, and you never really examine them, so you remain at their mercy. You may be afraid to examine your fears, but it is by examining each fear, one by one, by encountering them that you can be free of their control. This process is very important. To fear and try to escape from examining your thought process during this experience is a missed opportunity for the student.

All your fears should be examined so that you can remain fearless as long as you live. There is no charm in a life full of fear. You should not accept this fearful sort of living. Fearless living is possible when you have understood the reason behind your actions in the external world and when you have learned about your internal states.

Burn Your Beliefs

All your actions leave some impression in your unconscious mind, and those beliefs then control your life. The unconscious mind needs to be purified. You can do that in meditation if you ask all the beliefs in your mind to come forward so that you can examine and burn them.

Woman throwing something into a fire during a ceremony at Blue Osa yoga teacher training in Costa Rica.

How to Burn Your Beliefs

  • Sit quietly in a comfortable position either sitting or lying down.
  • Use a relaxation tool such as breathing or listening to binaural beats to get into a meditative state
  • Consciously bring forward one or more beliefs (an easy way to do this is to think about something that is currently triggering you and then look at the belief around this trigger).
  • Tell your mind (either out loud or internally) that you are ready to face them.
  • Then choose to no longer allow these fears to control your inner and outer worlds by burning them.
  • Create a burning practice or ceremony:
    • Imagine the fear in your mind through an experience, draw out the emotion, and then imagine it burning seeing yourself as free from this fear.
    • Use a word or phrase to describe the fear and imagine that burning.
    • Light a candle or start a fire. Write down an experience, word or phrase that describes the fear you are ready to release on a piece of paper and safely burn the paper in the fire.

The goal is here is to expand the conscious aspect of the mind to train unconscious thoughts, patterns, behaviors or actions that are running your life.

How to Recieve Knowledge

If you want to understand intuition and the path to inner wisdom, you must first understand the avenues through which you receive knowledge. This includes the processes of perception and conception, instinct, as well as intuition. Deep within you, within the recesses of your being, lies the library of intuition, but you may not understand how to reach it and access its wealth. We are all rich, deep within. Great people receive a small fountain from that knowledge, and that’s why they become great. The knowledge of the mind (traditional learning), the senses, and instinctual knowledge do not help in this quest. Those kinds of knowledge are important but to access the deepest level of knowledge that can not be learned in a book is through your intuition.

Intuition does not require any evidence at all; it does not need to ask if something is right. When you have intuition, you don’t have to ask about it, because you know it’s right. That knowledge helps you see things and know things as they are, and then you no longer see things incompletely and partially.

Training Your The Inner World Affects Your External World

All things happen in the inner world long before they happen outside. If you concentrate and watch silently, you can know what is going to happen to you in the future, but usually, your mind remains busy in the material world. Everything happens in the subtle world long before it takes place externally. If you know how to, you can take precautions.

When your mind becomes aware that the Spirit is everywhere, then the mind surrenders. The mind learns that although it thought it knew all things, Spirit is everywhere and the mind is nothing. The mind learns that all the power it has is due only to the Spirit, the Source of life, the Source of Consciousness. Then the mind surrenders. That is the meaning of true surrender; such self-surrender is the highest of all yoga. Your mind surrenders when you reach such a height that the mind doesn’t function any longer. Mind is still there, but as it becomes aware of Reality, its ego vanishes. When you fully understand the functions of the mind, you will know how to work with yourself.

Inspect Your Thinking Process

We need to inspect our thinking process. We must recall that what is going on in our minds is produced by us. We should inspect it and always recognize it as our own product. Each person’s thinking is their own creation. We begin by learning to inspect and analyze our own minds. First we find that we do indeed have minds because we think. We come to realize that we are not the same as our thinking process and our minds. Through analysis, through introspection, we learn to discriminate between the thinker and the thinking process. Liberation comes from self-observation.

One can easily understand that the center of consciousness, Atman, is overlaid by many coverings. The aspirant should apply the exact scientific methods taught by the ancient scriptures and teachers to attain an understanding of each covering. These methods enable the student to comprehend both the mere self—body, breath, senses, and all the dimensions of mind—and to help him go to the source of consciousness. Before one reaches the fountainhead of life and light from which consciousness flows spontaneously, he has to understand the various realities that exist. He can then conceive of the idea that human beings have many subtle bodies within the physical body.

Woman sitting in prayer position as a wave crashes behind her on the beach in Costa Rica.


In the path of sadhana (a Sanskrit term used to refer to a daily spiritual practice), no effort is in vain; all sincere efforts bear their fruits in the unconscious mind according to the inevitable law of karma. Even a little sadhana practiced with sincere effort leaves deep imprints in the unconscious mind. Those impressions help and guide you whenever you veer off the path. The conscious part of the mind is but a small part of the whole. It is helpful in communicating with the external world but has very little use on the inward journey. If the conscious part of the mind is trained not to create further barriers, then sadhana is useful.

Yoga sadhana alone has explored all the unknown levels of life and is thus useful for knowing the levels of the unconscious and for training the totality of the mind. Sadhana alone is the way of knowing, understanding, and analyzing the internal states and one’s relationship to the external world. While treading the path of the inner world, the sadhaka (Sanskrit term which describes someone who follows a certain sadhana) comes in touch with those potentialities that guide them unconsciously, through dreams, and at other times consciously. Fearlessness thus increases, and self-reliance is strengthened. One is fully protected by the inner force that exists. No danger can ever befall the sincere sadhaka in their exploration of the inner realms. The sadhaka is completely protected if they are fully dedicated to the goal of Self-realization.

Attention is the first step on the ladder to develop one-pointedness of mind. One must pay wholehearted attention to all of the things they do from morning until evening. If one forms the habit of attending fully to whatever they are doing, the mind will become trained, and eventually, concentration will become effortless. Thousands of thoughts remain waiting to be entertained. The purpose of sadhana is to attend to those thoughts in a systematic manner so that they do not create unrest in the inner world.

You need to examine honestly what is in your mind. Be honest with yourself. Do not meditate if you are being hypocritical and are just sitting and punishing yourself. There should be only one desire, the desire for meditation, the desire to go deep inside. At first, you will fail to achieve it, but that does not matter; you should not give up.

How a Yoga Teacher Training Can Support You

If you have a strong desire to master the mind, consider taking a Yoga Teacher Training. In this focused container, you can immerse yourself in this work while being supported by a trained teacher as well as being surrounded by others who have the same desire as you do.

What is most important is that you constantly work with yourself in order to achieve peace within. And remember, withdrawing yourself from the world is not the purpose; the purpose is to live in the world without being of this world. That is true liberation and that is what you will learn at Blue Osa’s YTT.

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